Travels :: Wildlife
Sagarmatha National Park
(1.148 SQ. KMS.)
Sagarmatha National Park is located to the north-east of Kathmandu in
the Khumbu, region of Nepal. The park includes the highest peak in the
world, Mt. Sagarmatha (Everest), and several other well-known peaks such
as Lhotse, Nuptse, Cho Oyu, Pumori, Ama Dablam, Thamserku, Kwangde, Kangtaiga
and Gyachung Kang. The park was added to the list of World Heritage Sites
The mountains of Sagarmatha National Park are geologically young and
broken up by deep gorges and-glacial valleys. Vegetation includes pine
and hemlock forests at lower altitudes, fir, juniper, birch and rhododendron
woods, scrub and alpine plant communities, and bare rock and snow. The
famed bloom of rhododendrons occurs during spring (April and May) although
other flora is most colorful during. the monsoon season (June to August).
Wild animals most likely to be seen in the park are the Himalayan tahr,
goral, serow and musk deer. The snow leopard and Himalayan black bear
are present but rarely sighted. Other mammals rarely seen are the weasel,
marten, Himalayan mouse hare (pika), jackal and langur monkey.
The park is populated by approximately 3,000 of the famed Sherpa people
whose lives are interwoven with the : teachings of Buddhism. The main
settlements are Namche Bazar, Khumjung, Khunde, Thame, Thyangboche, Pangboche
and Phortse. The economy of the Khumbu Sherpa community has traditionally
been heavily based on trade and livestock herding. But with the coming
of international mountaineering expeditions since 1950 and the influx
of foreign trekkers, the Sherpa economy today is becoming increasingly
dependent on tourism.
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